Phobia is persistent fear of some object or situation which may or may not cause any danger or is magnified to its actual seriousness. They have no relation to one’s age, sex, profession or intellectual position. Even grown ups have the fear of water , heights , animals etc. Causes for phobias can be environmental situations, culture and even heredity of individuals .
Broad categories of phobias are separation fear (crowd, traveling alone), animal fears , mutilation fears (open wounds), social fears (eating with strangers), nature fears (mountains, oceans) etc.
Phobias can also be classified as :
Neurotic phobia is fear to generalize similar objects or events. eg. fear for one type of dog in sequence of time leads to fear for all types of dogs.
Traumatic phobia is limited to fear for specific thing only or for specific moment.
Recently I heard about some strange phobia called nomophobia – Phobia of being without your mobile phone.
I have come up with brief description of some rare types of phobias :
Deiphno in greek means dinner or dining. Dinner with closed ones is one of the favourite outing for us.But people with this phobia wish to be alone and fear to such situations .
Fear of hands. These people feel someones hands around them. Causes can be some hand related disease or injury to hand . These people mostly try to avoid use of hands .
God can solve all problems . This may not be believed by all. Theophobic are the ones who have fear of religion or god. Its mainly caused due to bad childhood experiences. They feel bad karma has given them that situation. They have a fear of getting punished if they do bad to others. They believe god to the same extent as they fear god.These people avoid all spiritual activities or visit to any shrines .
It is the fear of bathing , washing or cleaning. It is mostly observed in women and children . There is no specific cause. You would have observed some children do not like bathing, so such fear can be said as phobia in case of babies, if it persist even after the age of 6 months.
Fear of having a phobia. It is mostly experienced by people who already have some phobia, have also fear of developing some more phobias which will make their life vulnerable.
We get excited and curious after hearing the word “good news”from anyone especially our closed ones. It gives us extreme happiness. But people with this phobia have severe fear of good news. They feel its not true.They doubt such news and are not happy listening to it.
Sleep is most important and most loved by living beings. But these people fear sleep because it make them feel what will happen after they fall asleep.It may be like hypnotism.They feel loss of control on self.This is also called as hypnophobia.Cause may be some recurrent nightmare.
Fear of sitting. Its mostly experienced by people who cannot be idle for more time. Eg. active children cannot sit for lecture continuously for a long time.
Many people like to experiment new recipes. But there exist a phobia called mageirocophobia. Fear of cooking. Strange ? Yes, but it really exists. Its not because they are bad cook or they think its too much work. It may be because some bad trauma in childhood or because of fear of heat or fire.
Fear of crossing streets. This one is experienced by many. Its greek translation is fear of whirl of traffic. Cause may be previous road accident or may be nothing. They would still drive cars but won’t walk on streets.
For all types of phobias its necessary to find out source from where it originated . Hypnosis is used if patients have forgotten when their fear actually started. So phobias are surely curable but needs lot of patience in phobics and therapists .